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Sumak

It is a rug kind that is obtained with aligning of colourful pattern yarns on warp yarns in various ways.

Patterns are like processed in layers as the patterns are given by wrapping and a second colourful yarn string on the same pattern by reversing again.

On the back side, flabby colourful yarns are seen as in cicim and zili.

As technically, there are six different types as “flat sumak, weftless flat sumak (atkısız), herringbone sumak (balık sırtı sumak), herringbone weftless sumak (balık sırtı atkısız sumak), reverse sumak, crosswise alternative sumak”. 

For more information on the history of rugs, jiggers, quality, patterns and motifs, see Flat Weavings

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    Kapat
 

   Source:Bekir Deniz, Osmanlı Dönemi Düz Dokuma Yaygıları, Osmanlı Kültür ve Sanat, Ankara 1999
     S.Bayraktaroğlu, Maddi Kültürümüzün Zengin Örneklerinden Sumak Dokumaları, Kültür ve Sanat Dergisi, S.11, 1991
     
    B.Acar, Kilim, Cicim, Zili, Sumak, İstanbul 1982
     B.Acar, Kilim ve Düz Dokuma Yaygılar, İstanbul 1975
     N.Görgünay, Altaylar'dan Tuna Boyu'na Türk Dünyasında Ortak Motifler, Türksoy Yayınları, Ankara 1995
    Öznur Aydın, İzmir Bornova Çamiçi ve Eğridere Köylerindeki Cami ve Evlerde Bulunan Zili, Sumak Kontürlü Düz Dokuma Kilimler, Standart Dergisi, Y.34, S.398, 1995

Photo:Neriman Görgünay,Türk Dünyası'nda Ortak Motifler, Ankara 1995 

 
     
 
 
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