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These works are referred to as ‘white works’ due to the use of white fabric base and white thread.  

There are various embroidery techniques within this scope. Since these works are mostly seen in the last century, they are not included in the scope of ‘Turkish Embroidery’.

Works known as antique, Antep work, hemstitch or hollow, wrapping work fall within this category.  

Antep Work

Antique Antep work is a form of decoration applied with different embroidery techniques in stages with pure silken threads in their natural colours generally on silken fabrics known as birman, demor and open crêpe coloured in beige and white.

In Antep work, weft and warp yarns are applied on fabric woven at the same thickness. For the purposes of visibility of embroidery, the fabric must definitely be flat.  

While Antep works were formerly used only on household linens; they now have a quite different and wide range of products, enriching various designs from jewellery, boards to clothes and wedding gowns with embroidery.


Although the actual origins of Antep works are not known for certain, they are known to have been first applied on scarves worn by men on the head and the legs of groom’s clothes in the villages of Gaziantep in 1850s. They were later used on silken fabrics for household linens in cities.

Embroidery Technique

The weft and warp yarns of the woven technique are cut to create areas where the desired motif will be embroidered. It is of great importance that appropriate areas are created for the desired motif.  

Antep work is a rich technique where various embroidery styles, known as susma and hemstitch, are used together to create various models. Today, they are produced with the same embroidery technique but by using purl, coloured yarns and ancillary needles.        





Source: Oya Sipahioğlu, Tire Müzesinde Bulunan İşlemelerin Teknik ve Sanatsal Açıdan İncelenmesi ve Yeni Tasarımlar, DEÜ Sosyal Bilimler Ens. Sanatta Yeterlilik Tezi, İzmir, 1997

     Ayten Sürür, Türk işleme Sanatı, Akbank 1976
     Ayten Sürür, Türk işlemelerinde Bölge Özellikleri,Türkiyemiz, Y.5, S.14, 1971

     Burton Berry, Old Turkish Towels, 1938

     Celal Arseven, Sanat Ansiklopedisi, İstanbul 1950

     Emin Cenkmen, Osmanlı Sarayı ve Kıyafetleri, İstanbul, 1943

     G.Von Palotay, Turkish Embroideries, London 1954

     H.Züber, Türk Süsleme Sanatları, T.İş Bankası, Ankara 1971

     Kenan Özbel, Eski El İşlemeleri, El Sanatları 4, Ankara 1949

     M.Celal Lampe, Türk İşlemeleri, İstanbul 1939

     Macide Gönül, Topkapı Sarayı Kolleksiyonundan Bazı Türk İşlemeleri, İstanbul 1969

     Macide Gönül, Türk El İşleri Sanatı, (16-19.yy), Ankara , 1973

     Nezahat Turkan, Gümüş Isıltılı Telkırma / Silver Strip Embroidery, Skylife, Eylül 2003
     Nurhayat Berker, İşlemeler, Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 1981

     Nurhayat Berker-Yusuf Durul, Türk İşlemelerinden Örnekler, Ak Yayınları, 1971

     Örcün Barışta, Osmanlı İmparatorluk Dönemi Türk İşlemeleri, Osmanlı Kültür ve Sanat, Ankara 1999

     Örcün Barışta, Türk İşleme Sanatı Tarihi,

     Örcün Barışta, Özel Müzelerimiz ve Kolleksiyonlarımız II, Sanat Dünyamız 1984

     Örcün Barışta, Türk İşlemelerinde Teknikler, Ankara 1978

     Pauline Johlnstone,Turkish Embroidery, Victoria Albert Museum 1985

     Selma Delibaş, Türk İşlemeleri, Sanat, S.7, 1982

     Semiha Başbuğ, Türk işlemeleri, İstanbul, 1964

     Sevim Fenercioğlu, Türk İşlemelerinde Motifler, Ankara

     Ulla Ther, 16-20 yy. Gezi Edebiyatında Yerli Türk İşlemeleri, Türkiyemiz, Y.24, S.72,1994
     Ulla Ther, Türk İşlemeleri, Bremen, 1993

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