The Republic Period witnessed the rapid blooming of the textile industry. As one of its branches, hand weaving has partly survived to this day with the efforts of family businesses and retained the entirety of its hand-crafted quality in production from its origins until the industrial revolution at both national and global level.
However, in line with the requirements of the developing industry, the weaving industry enjoyed a faster growth with the development of the machinery utilized in production and the introduction of chemical dyes.
This development led to the gradual abandonment of traditional weaving based on manpower and handicraft in terms of its production.
Nevertheless, hand weaving in underdeveloped or developing countries has survived to modern days and maintains its functionality to a more extent than in industrialized communities.
The richest folk arts in Anatolia and especially during the Republic Period are yarn works produced via several techniques with such materials as cotton, linen, silk, wool and hair or with various combinations of these materials.
Generally applicable with portable tools and materials of high availability and without the need for any specific atelier, these branches of art have a vast field of application.
Applied with yarns or tools made of yarns, these are classified and denominated according to respective techniques, tools or materials as
napless weaving (cicim), l
However, the classification of the products included in this group (idesanat.com) is based on their respective techniques regardless of yarn preparation or dyeing procedures of handicraft works produced with fibres as raw material.
According to this classification:
1-Types of weaving; rugs-carpets, hand woven fabrics, çarpana (plate) weaving.
2-Knitting works; knitted socks, gloves, etc., types of embroidery, laces.
3-Handiworks, felt works and hand printing.