homepage categories ideglossary museum guide columns presentations our purpose contact us
› Categories  


Socks / Gloves and Folk Shoes (Harik)

Studies on knitting provide information on various types of socks in Anatolia and Rumelia and patterns, techniques and features incorporated in socks of Sivas, as well as socks and slippers (çedik) of Ankara-Ayaş, Afyon-Emirağ, Malatya, Van, Rize and Trabzon (1). 

Among these products, socks knitted with one or five needles are especially striking. Socks knitted with one needle are seen in Antalya and Emirdağ-Yunak. This type of applications is mainly produced by male knitters with crochet needles (tığ).

Socks are categorized under two main headings, namely unicoloured and multicoloured socks. Both uni- and multicoloured socks present various ornaments produced via horizontal, vertical and diagonal streams and variations in the quality or quantity of knots. Among knitted textures, ‘plain knitting’, known as sock knitting in colloquial language, is specifically rich in terms of patterns.

High-neck examples of multicoloured socks in Antalya, Isparta, Sivas and Hakkari are especially remarkable. This is also true for low-neck socks known as çedik or patik (bootees) knitted in Konya, Afyon, Behramkale and Çorlu areas.

Among multicoloured socks, one group attracts attention with its embroidered appearance. These forms of application are produced by using embroidery yarns in addition to the knitting yarn and either driving these yarns along with plain knitting lines or wrapping or twisting them around knots. Known as dolama (twisting), iğne ardı (backstitch), zincir (chain) and sarma (wrapping), interesting examples of these socks can be seen in such centres as Sivas, Van and Rize.

In unicoloured socks, apart from plain knitting, socks demonstrate ornamented knitting patterns developed by plain, purled, decreasing or increasing knots. Among these, unicoloured ‘groom’s socks’ knitted meticulously in white wool have different variations such as openwork (hemstitch) knitting referred to with such terms as selvi, kılçık and fındıklı. This is also true for women’s and children’s angora socks knitted in Ayaş.

Among unicoloured socks, Karapınar is famous for its finely span white, yellow, blue and pink wool socks and Afyon is renowned for its white, low-heeled and one-size-fits-all wool socks. In Sivrihisar, socks are in off-white or white with hemstitches applied at legs.

Reşik/Harik

These folk shoes are produced by knitting the face in angora or wool and covering the soles in matting made of hemp cords and mainly in Van, Hakkari, Bitlis and Şırnak under the name reşik’. These products are one of the most interesting types of knitting.

Similar products are seen in Bitlis under the name harik. A harik master prepares soles in matting made of hemp cords and reinforces the soles with wool. Once sewn to felt shoetrees and glazed, soles are covered with a separately knitted shoe faces. The shoes are then completed with shoestrings.

see...

    Kapat
 

     Ö. Barışta ‘T.C Dönemi Halk Plastik Sanatları’ Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı, Ankara 2005
     Ö.Barışta, Türk El Sanatlarından El Örgüsü Çoraplar, Atatürk Kültür Dil Tarih Yüksek Kurumu, C.2, 1986
     K.Özbel,Türk Köylü Çorapları’, İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları 164, İstanbul 1976
     Kenan Özbel, Anadolu Çorapları, CHP Halkevleri Bürosu Yayımları, Kılavuz Kitaplar: 9, 1945
     K.Özbel, Knitted Stockings From Turkish Villages, T.İş Bankası Cultural Publications,164, İstanbul 1981
     N.Görgüna Kırzıoğlu, Türk Dünyasında Ortak Motifler / Common Motives İn the Turkish World, Ankara 1995
     S.Dinçsoy-A.Polat, Yün İşleri, İstanbul 1967

(1) Yöresel özellikler ile ilgili geniş bilgi için bkz.
     Betsy,Harrell, Anatolian Knitting Designs. Sivas Stoking Patterns Collected in an İstanbul Shantytown, Redhouse press, İstanbul 1981
     M.Üçer, Sivas’ın İki Köyüne Ait Bazı Çoraplar,Türk Etnografya Dergisi,Ankara 1982 S17
     H.Doğruyol, Ayaş’ta Tiftik Çorap Yapımında Kullanılan Doğal Boyalar, 2.El Sanatları Sempozyumu,DEÜ GSF Yayınları, İzmir 1984
    G.Parlar, Emirdağ ve Bazı Köylerinden Patik Örnekleri Üzerine, Emirdağ Kültür Sempozyumu Tebliğler, Emirdağ Kaymakamlığı Köylere Hizmet Götürme Birliği Yayınları,No2 1995
    H.Şahin, Malatya El Dokuması Çorap ve Eldivenler,Kültür ve Sanat,T.İş Bankası Yay.1992
    M.Ünsal,Van Çorapları, Dünyada Van, Van Valiliği Kültür Sanat Derg.1997
    Ö.Barışta, Rize El Sanatları/ Rize Handcrafts, Kültür Bakanlığı, 1977
    Sümerkan, Trabzon Yöresi Geleneksel El Sanatları, Trabzon Valiliği, Trabzon1998

Photo:N.Görgüna Kırzıoğlu, Türk Dünyasında Ortak Motifler / Common Motives İn the Turkish World, Ankara 1995

 
     
 
 
› Related products
Products not found.

› Did you know them?
Birsen Malkoç
Copyright by © 2019 idesanat.com
Important Information
1. If you share our content in another web site, please denote the sources. Thanks for your interest.
2. If you think that there is something which is against the copyrights and laws, please inform us.