homepage categories ideglossary museum guide columns presentations our purpose contact us
› Categories  


Cicim (or Jijim)

Cicim is a napless (pileless) type of weaving, used in displays, covers or drapes, created by applying coloured yarns onto bezayağı weavings or by attaching narrow and long pieces of woven carpets together with different techniques.

This is a weaving known to Turks since old times. Today, cicim is woven in almost all carpet and rug weaving centres in Anatolia. 

Although different in weaving techniques in Anatolia, some other woven products are also known as 'cicim'.

Finely woven embroidered rugs around Sİnop, Trabzon and Gümüşhane, fine carpets in Elazığ, tülü or bırakmalı weavings in the region of Niğde, Konya, Kayseri and Çorum are referred to as cicim.

Cicim is woven by one or two artists. When two artists are involved, one sits on the front and one at the back. The one at the back wraps the coloured yarns around two or three warps depending on the pattern and passes this to the other weaver. This method is commonly known as stealing (çalma).
The weaver on the front keeps the motifs in good shape and loops over the weft yarn after each pattern line and clenched with a wooden weaving tool (kirkit).

Especially in motifs with horizontal characteristics, each yarn composing the pattern in motifs is cut and started again at the second line.
As the released thread is left hanging, it is scattered and loose. The flat face projects forward during clenching with kirkit and gains an embossed appearance.
Unlike carpets, in such weavings as zili and sumak, the face and reverse sides of the weaving are not flat.

Cicim has three separate technical features per the application of patterns, namely ‘weft and warp faced bezayağı’ (flat weaving), cicim, wrapping motif cicim and warp faced cicim’.

For more information on the history of carpeting and workbenches, quality, patterns and motifs, see Flat Weavings


see...


 

    Kapat
 

 Source:Bekir Deniz, Osmanlı Dönemi Düz Dokuma Yaygıları, Osmanlı Kültür ve Sanat, Ankara 1999
     Bekir Deniz, Yuntdağ Yöresi Düz Dokuma Yaygıları, Kültür Bakanlığı, Ankara 1992
     Bekir Deniz, Anadolu Türk Dokuma Sanatında Cicim / Cicims Place in Anatolian-Türkish Art of Weawing, Sanat Tarihi Dergisi, EÜ Ed.Fak. Yayını, VII,İzmir 1994 
     Bekir Deniz, Ayvacı (Çanakkale) Yöresi Düz Dokuma Yaygıları (Kilim, Cicim, Zili), Ankara 1998 B.Acar, Kilim ve düz Dokuma Yaygılar, İstanbul 1975
     B.Acar, Kilim, Cicim, Zili, Sumak, İstanbul 1982
     B.Acar, Kilim ve Düz Dokuma Yaygılar, İstanbul 1975
     F.Akbil, Bergama Dokumaları Cicim-Zili, Türkiyemiz, Şubat 1977
     N.Görgünay, Anadolu'da Cicim Çeşitleri, 3.Uluslararası Türk Folklor Kongresi Bildirileri,C.5, Maddi Kültür, Ankara 1987
     N.Görgünay, Kirkitli Dokumalarımızdan Cicimlerimiz ve Van, Yakın Tarihimizde Van Uluslararası Sempozyumu, Van 1990
     N.Görgünay, Altaylar'dan Tuna Boyu'na Türk Dünyasında Ortak Motifler, Türksoy Yayınları, Ankara 1995
   Öznur Aydın,İzmir Bornova Çamiçi ve Eğridere Köylerindeki Cami ve Evlerde Bulunan Zili, Sumak Kontürlü Düz Dokuma Kilimler, Standart Dergisi, Y.34, S.398, 1995
   
Ş.Yetkin, Zwei Turkish Kilims, Beitrage Zur Kunstgeschichte,Asiens, İstanbul 1963 
     Ş.Yetkin, İstanbul’da Hekimoğlu Alipaşa Camii’nden Hayvan Figürlü bir Türk Kilimi, Vakıflar Dergisi, S.IX Ankara 1971
     Kenan Özbel, Cicim ve Zili, El Sanatları,VII, CHP Halk Evleri, (tarihsiz) 
Photo:Neriman Görgünay,Türk Dünyası'nda Ortak Motifler, Ankara 1995

 
     
 
 
› Related products
Products not found.

› Did you know them?
Birsen Malkoç
Copyright by © 2019 idesanat.com
Important Information
1. If you share our content in another web site, please denote the sources. Thanks for your interest.
2. If you think that there is something which is against the copyrights and laws, please inform us.